Medications act on the body through a variety of physical interactions with organ systems, including the brain. This is also true of psychoactive medications taken to treat mental health disorders or conditions. However, taking a drug can also have its own side effects, apart from the effects that can affect a person, who takes the drug endlessly. Xanax is also one of the drugs that can cause uncomfortable or even dangerous side effects. Sometimes, people take Xanax to self-treat themselves when symptoms seem to get worse or for conditions that could not be detected in the first place. Other people take the drug to get high. The abuse of the drug can lead to long-term and negative health effects.


How Xanax affects the body and the brain?

Xanax is the brand name of the drug Alprazolam and belongs to a class of drugs called benzodiazepines, which are central nervous system (CNS) depressants. Like all other drugs that fall into the class of benzodiazepine, Xanax helps to slow the messages traveling through the brain, to promote a sense of calm, relaxation, and even sedation. Because of this, the conditions it treats comes from over stimulated  nervous or brain conditions such as:-

  • Seizures
  • Panic disorder
  • Mood  swings
  • Anxiety
  • Insomnia


What are the physical and psychological side effects of Xanax?

Physical side effects of Xanax

As we already told you that Xanax is a stimulant and belongs to a class of drugs benzodiazepines , which help in making a person feel calm. However, those who take the drug regularly will know that it has its own list of physical and psychological side effects, especially when the drug is taken endlessly. The drug is meant to affect the brain itself, treating mental health disorders rather than physical ones. The physical side effects caused by Xanax for a short while are:-

  • Decrease in or loss of physical coordination
  • Breathing becomes slow
  • Heart palpitation or pain in the chest
  • Stuffy nose
  • Sweating
  • Blurred vision
  • Stomach ache or changes in bowel movements
  • Swelling of hands or feet


These side effects can range from mild to severe but the range varies from person to person. If the prescribed dose of the drug is taken properly or as per the prescription provided to the person, the effects of the drug will fade away once the person has become used to the medication. However, if the person continues to take the drug endlessly or beyond a prescribed limit, the effects may remain or even get worse.


Psychological side effects of Xanax

As we told you earlier that Xanax acts on the brain to slow messages and induce calmness. It does this by increasing the availability of a neurotransmitter called GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid), which interrupts the other chemicals traveling through the brain. Because of this action, the drug makes a person develop certain psychological side effects, some of which interfere with the normal functioning of an individual. The following are the psychological side effects of the drug:-

  • Irritability
  • Dizziness
  • Unable to sleep
  • Dependence
  • Fatigue
  • Lack of concentration
  • Memory loss or facing difficulty in remembering things


These side effects may go away as the person gets used to taking the medication. However, if the person takes the medication endlessly for a long time, these side effects and those we mentioned earlier may get worse, resulting in long-term mental or physical health complications. However, as we told you that the effects of the side effects of the drug can vary from person to person.


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